Test Information Space

Journal of Tech, Testing and Trends

Posts Tagged ‘science’

Spoilersphere

Posted by cadsmith on February 28, 2011

Intel has BIOS implementation test suite. YouEye performs eye-tracking during tests. Aspiritech testers apply Asperger’s. Microsoft uses controlled experiments for business. Landing page tests listed.

Interactive Fabrication does realtime 3D. Hololabs has a 3D augmented reality editor. NMQ has 3D radar mosaic.

Robot subs used for longer term periods. Demolition robot slices concrete. Self-aware robot models body, thoughts and theory of mind. Stochastic robots put themselves together and take others apart. Cheetah-Bot made for pursuit. Robot marathon completed. Segway solowheel is self-balancing. Snakebot reaches heart.

Atomic antennae do quantum transmission on chip. Organic microprocessor announced. Phononic produces advanced thermoelectric devices. Millimeter-scale computer chips are prototyped.

OpenMesh provides internet-less routing. Brain-computer interface does multi-tasking. Swype eases mobile text input. OnSwipe self-publishes for tablets. HelloFax does transmits online. Batteries do self-repair. Solar caps put on landfills.

CapLinked has private investing platform. Seismic Warning Systems alert before earthquakes. Disaster relief model handles chaos. Video monitor automatically detects life jackets.

Book Reviews:

The End of Discovery, Russell Stannard, 2010

This book is about philosophy of science. The argument is that basic science has found things that are fundamentally unknowable. The description of the state-of-the-art is accompanied by questions that show the current limits. The nature of consciousness and free will is brought up initially. Others deal with what things are, their causes, proof, measurement, observations, past occurrences, and how to select between theories. Figures are used to understandably illustrate complex propositions and a few equations. There are thirteen chapters.

The End of the Long Summer, Dianne Dumanoski, 2009

This is a lyrical treatment of many environmental ideas. The basic thesis is that a future based on climate change and global warming cannot be avoided. The ozone hole was a demonstration of industrial civilization’s side-effects and the fact that nature is unpredictable. Humans have learned to dance to the music, however business cannot proceed as usual. Shift is volatile and rapid. The destiny is not set since there are choices. Technofix is a temptation, for example geoengineering, but the proper values include life, resiliency, diversity and survivability in contrast to survivalism. There can be overconnectedness as in hypercoherence. Humanities’ place is on Earth. Conservationists hope that people will be able to still enjoy animals several millennia from now. The best statement may be Carson’s Silent Spring. This is a Massachusetts author. There are nine chapters.

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Ventral Casting

Posted by cadsmith on February 6, 2011

Apps for Development seeks evaluations. Sysadmins called to improve testability. Coverity leads market in automated software testing. Topicmarks does document summarization. Wrangler simplifies form-based data cleanup. Linked open data adds value. EMC released Greenplum visual language for big data. Canvas learning management system announced.

White house publishes innovation strategy. Startup America supports entrepreneurship. National Power Grid has security issues. FBI search engine developed. Local Motors announces transport design battle. National Security Space Strategy published. Russians resume plans for spaceplane. China announces 2020 science goals. Clean nuclear power is a priority in China. Japanese elderly not quick to accept bot care companions. RoboEarth networks bots globally. Surgeons communicate with nurse bots using gesture recognition. David Hanson’s bot heads advance.

Video discusses implants for humans and brains for bots. Heart cells are made from skin. Accelerometer is made of paper. Nestle tests products in huge stomach. Neer tracks group member locations. Ericsson texts money transfers. AT&T expands mobile banking. Walgreens fill prescriptions by cell cam. IntoNow promotes social TV. Digital museums are browsable in Google Art Project. There were thirty-three recent links.

Book Review:

Verification and Validation in Systems Engineering
This book looks at how architecture frameworks use SysML and UML 2.0. Techniques are classified as informal, static, dynamic or formal. These use inspection, testing, simulation, reference model equivalence checking and theorem proving. It proposes a unified approach to evaluate designs, including comparative metrics and procedures There is a case study of an ATM. Semantics, probabilistic behavior and performance analysis of activity diagrams are considered using the PRISM model. There are thirteen chapters.

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Scrimmage LOC

Posted by cadsmith on January 16, 2011

Automated testing improves usability. Ten ways good and bad hackers operate. PQ Labs SDK can handle 32-finger touchscreen. Stack Exchange has an answers community. Newsle filters friends in the news. DIY combines real and animated video. PixelOptics automatically focuses eyewear. Drones used for construction. Scooba robotic washer updated. Growbots learn on their own. New consumer bots shown at CES 2011. Vanishing commons and means of dissent point to global elite. Wall Street has its own code. Political implications of networking hint at Machiavelli 2.0. JFK Library now digital. Mass. Workforce Training has grants. Globalization may be superceded by the Walled Wide Web. Universal Electronic Card implemented in Russia. Bulgarian cybercrime expert missing. Tunisian cyberattacks linked to government. Superstreet routing has smoother, safer traffic. Snowmobiles are fitted for all-weather racing. Fruit Flies do computation. 34,000-Year-Old Organism found alive. There were 25 recent links.

Books Review:

Fundamentals of Information Systems Security, Kim and Solomon, 2010

Chapter 7 has testing recommendations. The goal is mitigation of risks due to threats and vulnerabilities. Security testing paths include reconnaissance, network mapping, and testing of vulnerability and penetration. Scans show vulnerable services that require a patch. Configuration hardening turns off unnecessary services. Covert testers act like hostiles. Intrusion detection systems may be network or host-based. A Security Information and Event Management system organizes log files. Benchmarks include ISO 27002, NIST SP 800, ITIL, COBIT, COSO. The Disaster Recovery Plan can be tested using checklist, structured walkthrough, simulation, parallel or full-interruption. A security gap analysis compares what the system has and what it needs. The book has 3 parts, 15 chapters having quizzes, and 4 appendices. There is a comprehensive glossary of key terms, and a list of references. The rest of the book has preparation for the Systems Security Certified Practitioner.

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Net for Sale

Posted by cadsmith on January 9, 2011

US citizens to get Internet ID. LG ties smart grid to smartphones and tablets. Trimensional has 3D scanner for iphone. Factual has web and mobile APIs. Forrester says third of users will have tablets by 2015. Vuzix makes video eyeware. Videoscape promoted by Cisco service providers. Viewdle tags photos. Google Hotpot ranks realworld locations. Hipmunk does flight search. Clever Sense has location-aware concierge AI. Dedicated AIs are more successful. Hybrid Assistive Limb is a robotic exoskeleton. Industrial robot name Little Helper. OpenStack provides open-source for clouds. OpenStudy supports social study groups. DIASPORA open-source socnet in alpha. Minimal blogging editor outputs RSS. Feed.nu converts a blog to an android app. DKIM vouches for email. Social Security expects next computer to be years behind demand. Kneber botnet hits government. MAINGATE is new mobile defense network. Amazon Web Services used for wifi hacking research. Estonia starts cyber army. Wikistrat produces geopol journals. Eagleman looks at brains and behaviors. Convergence creates revolution in biomedicine. DNA test determines physical characteristics such as hair color. There is a digital Radiation Detector. Oil Prices begin to dig deeper. High tech Horse Show announced. Gilt Groupe carries luxury brands. Thirty-five recent links.

Book Reviews:

The Master Switch, Tim Wu, 2010

A separation principle of content from transport would maintain an open internet. The author discusses the history of telecommunications and describes an open-to-closed cycle. Convergence in this context means monopoly. This results from a paradox of how US consumers chose convenience over freedom. Other factors are network effects, power of integration, economies of scale, and will to power. There are five parts for twenty-one chapters.

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Counter Logic

Posted by cadsmith on December 4, 2010

The internet has public resources for improving community wealth. Tools for datamining and code metrics include cmetrics, FLOSSmole, FLOSSMetrics. and SLOCCount.Award for software testing and debugging: 1, 2, and 3. Utilities assist scenario forecasting. Kurzweil’s futurist performance was graded. AI is used for sports betting. Security adds computational forensics. SocialSci is a science research network. Engineering addresses world problems. Trees have been added to google earth engine. Digital evolution arrives at fireflies. News stream made from bitly links. CreateSpace self-publishes media. Irish expats have a social network. Comicspipeline.com shows arts in progress. Veterinarian designs prostheses. Phylo is a genomic game. Video discusses bioliberation. There were twenty-eight recent links.

Book Reviews:

Model-Driven Software Development: Integrating Quality Assurance, Rech and Bunse, 2008

An effect of a good model is to define the terminology and to automate analysis. The control and data flow are often similar to classical code-driven processes, but may be easier to handle since formats are less difference. The book has four sections for eighteen chapters from fifty authors. They discuss quality evaluation and improvement for specific domains. UML was an early instance; peer review was a quality method. New developments are shown for embedded systems, automotive, service engineering and infrared telescope. Some of these have used Matlab/Simulink/TargetLink. Metrics include matrices for maintainability, reusability, portability, efficiency and performance, for example. The book describes case studies. Models are inspected for completeness, consistency, traceability, and correctness. Empirical testing is still used to characterize system implementations.

Making Software, Oram and Wilson, 2010
This is a set of scholarly research papers which is interesting for, not only the results, but also the methods and the places under study. There are two parts on general principles and specific topics by forty-five authors. The table of contents shows the titles and subjects for thirty chapters, each of which also has a list of references. Part of the book’s implicit knowledge comes from how the authors answered their questions as well as how they present the evidence. The question becomes how to measure and improve these skills in other organizations and on a more continuous basis. The most common areas of interest are productivity metrics and measurement. These are shown for different software development process models and code bases. They also look at the limitations of education. There are some new concepts such as socio-technical congruence as a measure of coordination.

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Ghost Parking

Posted by cadsmith on October 24, 2010

 

Time to put those campfire stories to good use. If you’ve ever wondered what it all may lead to, see Cast Shadow.

Book reviews:

Design Informed: Driving Innovation with Evidence-Based Design, Brandt and others, 2010

This book is about architectural research methods which seek evidence to answer specific questions about cause-effect. In a series of a couple of dozen case studies and interviews, it characterizes the six quality attributes of hypothesis, epistemology, metrics, strength of evidence, external validation and transparency. It discusses the 2005 Latrobe hypothesis which has three parts for collaboration between architect and clients, use of both empiricism and induction, and metrics. A process of prototyping and testing is used to make buildings. Software is used for analysis and prediction. Computer models are used to find and demonstrate solutions. Compelling measurements from the realworld support the conclusions. The computer is then used to include these types of measurements in architectural designs. Actual designs are made which use the newer solution approaches. There are seven chapters.

The Artificial Ape: How Technology Changed the Course of Human Evolution, Timothy Taylor, 2010

The author questions how humans became intelligent and whether tools and therefore technology predated humans. He proposes a set of three levels, system 3, flint tool or artificial tech arising after system 1 inanimate natural pebble, and system 2 natural biological mollusk. His style mixes data and personal anecdotes from in the field. He updates the arguments of initially proposed by Darwin regarding trial and error with newer findings and inductive reasoning to demonstrate that technology enabled human biological evolution. The human brain is three to four times larger in size than a primate’s, but smaller than it was 150k years ago. The chart spans ten million years and shows an average increase and several dips. Much of the content has been externalized by technology so the modern head may be more efficient in the social context. This is similar to body mass and coordination which used to be required to get food. Civilizations may succumb to environmental disasters since some tend to worsen due to social practice. Competition between humans was a significant selector and technological advantage allowed symbolic development. Skeuomorphs mimic previous designs using new materials. Anti-science creationism may be an artifact of human models that led to questions of causality for the artists. Infant slings were an initial tool used upon walking upright and which also encouraged brain size. Groups have their own techno-culture and their tools may seem alien to others. This included cooking bowls which led to different diets and centralized preparation like the later fast foods. The first chipped stone tool found preceded homo sapiens by almost 200,000 years. Chimps, who probably were derived from the same ape as humans about seven million years ago, also use these types, as did Tasmanian aborigines isolated from the mainland. Otzi the ice man, from 5000 years ago on the high Alps, had more complex ones like from an early assembly line.

Telling Stories: A Short Path to Writing Better Software Requirements, Ben Rinzler, 2009

The thesis is that there is an analogy between writing requirements and a story. The book is concise and readable and formalizes a requirements method. The instructions show how to illustrate dataflow and UML. There are outlines and a document template. The outline formats differentiate an Agile version from more robust. Scenarios are used to show the success and exception results of each application process. The latter word is used in several contexts such as for the requirements themselves, for the system, and for the software elements. It assumes that the review considers feasibility.

This title is a happy medium as an anecdote, however the full length treatment is full of caveats. A story is a narrative, where the requirements are more of an agreement. There are a lot of differences. The audience of designers, for example, will have an expectation that there is enough detail for them to do specifications. System analysts and testers will seek to itemize features and constraints so that they can be tracked throughout the development and validation processes. Perhaps the story explains the why’s, the requirements the what’s, and the designs do the how’s. It does list usability testing and brings up availability, for example.

In summary, marketing presentations might lean more heavily on the story side, and software on objectives. Other approaches along these lines have included object-oriented parsing of text to objects. Scenarios and scenes are also used in test descriptions, e.g. use cases. Analogies are used in technical documentation. Complementary approaches might also include user actions as problem-solving or decision trees.

Recent links (about thirty-six):

video

Diminished Reality: Impressive Video Manipulation In Real-Time (Video)
YouTube – O’Reilly Webcast: The Myths of Innovation – Remixed and Remastered
YouTube – Heribert Watzke: The brain in your gut

ai Intellitar

browser First Alpha Of Opera 11 Released, Developers Can Now Build Extensions

climate

Blotting Out Sun May Soon Be Banned : Discovery News
Flower Power: Genetic Modification Could Amply Boost Plants’ Carbon-Capture and Bioenergy Capacity: Scientific American

computer Researchers one step closer to ‘bootless’ computer – Computerworld

digital-libraries Technology Review: Blogs: Mims’s Bits: Why There Can Never Be A Competitor to Google Books

disaster

Layer 8: IBM says software helps predict natural disasters | Network World
Building a Giant Lab to Test Disasters – WSJ.com

ebooks eBook price comparisons for iBooks, Kindle and Nook – Leatherbound

holography This Rocking Lead Singer is a 3D Hologram (video) | Singularity Hub

journalism WikiLeaks Founder on the Run, Chased by Turmoil – NYTimes.com

mathematics Dr Dobbs – Linear Equation Breakthrough

mobile

Glasses With HUDs Just Became A Little More Affordable | Techi.com
What is Mobile Virtualization and Why is it Important? – ReadWriteCloud
picplz for iPhone & Android – See what’s happening now
Mitek Systems

music Google India Blog: Introducing Google Music Search (India) at Labs

payments Citibank First to Test Revolutionary Credit Card System, Card 2.0

physics Technology Review: Blogs: arXiv blog: Mass Can Be ‘Created’ Inside Graphene, Say Physicists

privacy Every email and website to be stored – Telegraph

robotics

BattleBricks: MakerLegoBot: The Lego Mindstorms NXT 3D Lego Printer
Buzzll.com: Singing Humanoids
IEEE Spectrum: Japanese Snake Robot Goes Where Humans Can’t

science

First All-Digital Science Textbook Will Be Free | Wired Science | Wired.com
publicscience.ca – Science that Protects You
E. O. Wilson, Harrison Ford Ask You to Give a Damn About Biodiversity

security Coder for CIA: Drone Targeting Software “Far From Ready”

smartgrid

IEEE 1901TM BROADBAND POWER LINE STANDARD FOR 500 Mbps COMMUNICATIONS APPROVED – IEEE Smart Grid
NIST Lays Out Spec to Turn Power Grid to Network Grid | ITworld

space

Record-breaking galaxy found at the edge of the Universe | Bad Astronomy | Discover Magazine
NASA Ames’ Worden reveals DARPA-funded “Hundred Year Starship” program | KurzweilAI

spacecraft International Docking Standard

telescope Technology Review: Blogs: Mims’s Bits: How To Handle The World’s Largest Digital Images

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Nu Matters

Posted by cadsmith on September 19, 2010

image

Some of the big names in their fields announce changes of opinion including Tim Berners-Lee, Stephen Hawking, and Chris Adnerson of TED. Rob Dunbar talks about ocean acidification. Nicholas Christakis forecasts epidemics from socnet analysis. Problems are being redefined and prioritized. Predictions for next year have begun. New products push the limits of mobility, computation and automation. Weather Waker original scifi can be read on Scribd and Amazon.

Recent links (about forty):

Book reviews:

Cyber War, Richard A. Clarke and Robert K. Knake, 2010

The author discusses govnet, his proposal for private critical infrastructure networks, which the internet architects and privacy advocates were not supportive of. The first third of the book describes the way things are setup and the rest goes into defensive and offensive strategies. The actors are described such as state-run cyber warriors like Russia’s successor to FAPSI, or nationalist hacker groups. Defenses try to promote security by filtering attacks or by disrupting the parts of the network that are required for them to operate. These are non-lethal, but may lead to other types of warfare. There are costs to cyber-crime which demand better counter-measures. There is a speech at the end that sums up the recommendations for a treaty, risk reduction center, and cooperation among victim nations. There are eight chapters and a glossary, but no index. The problems and solutions are ongoing. National servers are used within the cloud framework to protect important data. Countries seek to monitor all types of traffic for security reasons, e.g. Blackberry decryption by India. This becomes sensitive when data may be used for commercial advantage. Other nations may develop their own advancements for private or global networking, such as China’s post-IP efforts.

The Grand Design, Stephen Hawking and Leonard Mlodinow, 2010

Philosophy is dead, science makes the discoveries. M-theory is a candidate for a theory of everything. Descartes formulated the concept of rules of nature. Laplace postulated scientific determinism. Brains follow physical causes. Free will is an illusion, yet economics is based on it. Reality is a model and set of rules connected to observations. The book reviews the history of physics, e.g. Feynman, and concludes that the universe is a part of a multiverse, some of which have life, and began from nothing as a quantum event.

Digital Triage Forensics: Processing the Digital Crime Scene, Pearson and Watson, 2010

This process is intended to eliminate the overly busy lab delays between evidence gathering and analysis. It is different from the in-country RCFLs that are also backlogged. It has been used by Weapons Intelligence Teams since 2004 for cell phones and SIM cards which were used as part of tactical operations, activity records for payment, or detonators. Inspection is initially carried out by TALON robot. Photography in the dark avoids white light which may be targeted or interfere with others’ night-vision. Investigator bias is an issue for defense attorneys. The forensics exam consists of preparation, collection, examination, analysis and reporting. A computer BIOS’ clock may be set differently from standard time, so it must be checked and matched by forensic apps. Data on a cellphone can be accessed by other devices over networks or the cloud. There are specialized applications to review, bookmark and copy data from mobile devices and storage cards for investigative reports, e.g. for contacts, messages, call history and content. There is a glossary. Also see mobileforensics.wordpress.com or www.nfstc.org.

Point Omega, Don DeLillo, 2010

The visual mind consists of heat, space, stillness, distance, and time observes the narrator. “We want to be stones in a field” according to the subject of his film about a military analyst named Elster who also says that “The true life is not reducible to words…”. The title derives from their discussion about the evolution of matter and de Chardin’s ideas, a paroxysm, but the subject also desires another war to shape history. They do discuss the meaning of words like rendition. There is a lot of detail about the narrator’s and subject’s impressions of eachother and others. Elster’s daughter visits and the disappearances of she and the caretaker lead to a number of clues including those from his wife. Some disconnected scenes add others. The emotion of foreboding is enhanced by the prologue and epilogue in third person in 2006 where the author describes the viewing, and fateful viewers of, a slow-motion Hitchcock film which he saw several times and was where he got the idea for the novel. The middle four chapters are in first person. This number may be analogous to the stages of matter, humours or seasons referenced in the text. Both narrators discuss concepts of time, words, and film. The settings are NYC and the desert.

automotive

EFuel100, Earth’s First Home Ethanol System, a Product of E-Fuel Corporation

Welcome to BUMP!

benchmark Kraken JavaScript Benchmark

books

No Plot? No Problem!, Chris Baty, 2004

How to Write a Damn Good Novel Volume II, Frey 1994

climate

IEEE Spectrum: Pure-form Big Chill Scenario Seems Vindicated

Scientists warn geo-engineering unlikely to curb dramatic sea rise

cloud Strategy Roundtable: 5 Cloud Computing Opportunities for Entrepreneurs

cms Jambok

design 7 Excellent Websites To Get Design Feedback Visually Instead Of Emailing Back And Forth | Free and Useful Online Resources for Designers and Developers

marketing QR Codes: Are You Ready For Paper-Based Hyperlinks?

metal Neither Pen Nor Pencil: Write Endlessly In Metal | Gadget Lab | Wired.com

mobile

Pew Survey Finds Predictable Trends Among Mobile Phone Users

Internet Founder Tim Berners-Lee Details 4 Concerns About Future of Mobile Web (Nokia World 2010)

multitouch Multi-touch Technologies for Human-Robot Interaction: UMass Lowell Robotics Lab

network 5 Ways Networking is Being Reinvented

ocean YouTube – Rob Dunbar: The threat of ocean acidification

prediction Nicholas Christakis: How social networks predict epidemics | Video on TED.com

robotics

The HRP-4 humanoid robot unveiled

Honda’s Exoskeletons Help You Walk Like Asimo (video) | Singularity Hub

science Chinese science and technology has long way to go, says Russian expert

scribd The future of reading and publishing is social – Introducing new Scribd home and profile pages – The Scribd Blog

security

Mobile Forensics Central

E-Evidence Information Center – Home

Briggs Softworks: Directory Snoop – File Recovery and Wiping Software for Windows

simulation How galaxies are born inside computers

social-media Seven Important Social Media Trends For The Next Year

software Dr Dobbs – Google Relaunches Instantiations Developer Tools; Now Available for Free

surveillance Technology Review: Blogs: TR Editors’ blog: Intel Outlines An Era of Friendly Surveillance

test

Dr Dobbs – Code Coverage, Performance Profiling Tools Released

uTest Lands $13 Million For Software Testing Marketplace

transportation What happens when you leave a skateboard and a tank alone in a dimly lit room? (video) — Engadget

video YouTube – Chris Anderson: How web video powers global innovation

wearable Looxcie Wearable Camcorder: Capture Unexpected Moments

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Hidden Com Part

Posted by cadsmith on September 11, 2010

100910atlas

Internet media lets stamps go live, opensource code connect cities, anesthesia cross continents, search be multilingual and faculty tune syllabus stats. Tech tests Turing, engineers climate, buys self-powered parts, and ends the big bang, while art and scifi plug the void. Videojug promotes beta.

Recent links (about twenty-nine):

ai Is the Turing Test Still Relevant? A Plan for Developing the Cognitive Decathlon to Test Intelligent Embodied Behavior, Mueller (PDF)

art

YouTube – Ben Cameron: The true power of the performing arts

YouTube – Alwar Balasubramaniam: Art of substance and absence

augmented-reality Royal Mail Launches First Intelligent Stamps | eWEEK Europe UK

bookmark Trailmeme and the Web of Intent

books The Evolutionary Void, Peter F. Hamilton, 2010

climate Climate scientists suggest geoengineering approach with engineered nanoparticles

cognitive You Are What You Touch: How Tool Use Changes the Brain’s Representations of the Body: Scientific American

database CouchOne – Your Data. Anywhere.

economics

The Optimistic Thought Experiment | Hoover Institution

Guest Post: Could Tiny Somaliland Become the First Cashless Society?

education Khan Academy

environment Early Warning Signs Could Show When Extinction Is Coming | Wired Science | Wired.com

forum Qvaq – Easy Discussions for Everyone

government Announcing Civic Commons – Code for America

media As It Moves Away From The Wikis, Wetpaint Launches TV News And Entertainment Site

medical Medical Daily: World’s first transcontinental anesthesia

mobile Dr Dobbs – Autonomous User Interfaces for Mobile Apps

ocr ABBYY OCR SDK for integrating intelligent and accurate OCR, ICR, OMR, barcode recognition and PDF conversion technologies

power Self powered parts will be electronic mainstay by 2020 – Pacemakers to power themselves | TechEye

quantum Quantum computing – separating hope from hype

robotics

Observations: Open-source personal robotics seeks a community to make it affordable

robots ready to take over your home on [technabob]

science Technology Review: Blogs: arXiv blog: Non-Expanding Cosmology Attempts To Oust Big Bang Theory

space SpaceWeather.com

test

Performance Testing

7 Excellent Website To Test And Compare Website Speed | Free and Useful Online Resources for Designers and Developers

Dr Dobbs – Unit Testing Tools ‘Suite’ Up

translation Linguee – The web as a dictionary – German/English

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Big Project

Posted by cadsmith on September 4, 2010

thunderbird

The border between environment and society is blurring. Natural scarcity may not be reflected in prices because of temporary subsidies, but economics is adjusting to new equations based on population, climate and urbanization. Science is directed to reveal all of the parameters and relationships. Development looks at reuse and hazard reduction. Biotech has a global market base. Computation puts the expanding data into perspective. Technological determinism adds network archaeology. Society learns how to respond constructively to challenging events.

Recent links (about 30):

academic Welcome | MIT150 | Massachusetts Institute of Technology 150th anniversary

biotech The BioBricks Foundation

books

The Marshall Plan for Novel Writing, Evan Marshall, 2001

Writing the Blockbuster Novel, Albert Zuckerman, 1994

Dynamic Characters, Nancy Kress, 1998

climate Climate Change: A Software Grand Challenge | Serendipity

computer Dr Dobbs – IBM Claims World’s Fastest Microprocessor

disaster World Natural Hazards Website | Natural Disaster Management | Disaster Agency Hawaii – PDC

environment

Technology Review: Robotic Storm Tracker Gets a Big Test with Earl

Weather conditions tie fires in Russia to floods in Pakistan | Environment & Development | Deutsche Welle | 01.09.2010

The Deepening Crisis: Scientific American

Hurricane Earl Weakens to Category 3 Storm – WSJ.com

Environmental Hazards: Assessing Risk and Reducing Disaster, Keith Smith, 2004

YouTube – Johan Rockstrom: Let the environment guide our development

mathematics Impossible Soccer Kick Leads to New Physics Equation | Playbook

mobile Mobile App Helps Emergency Crews Assess Damage During Disasters

network Technology Review: Blogs: arXiv blog: The New Science of Network Archaeology

publishing

Subutai Corporation

Moving Tales – Bringing Stories to Life on your iPad

robotics

IEEE Spectrum: NASA Ready to Send Humanoid Robot to Space

Technology Review: Blogs: TR Editors’ blog: Robots Take Out the Trash

science ScienceDirect – Home

semantic The Semantic Puzzle | Why SKOS thesauri matter – the next generation of semantic technologies

sports IBM at the US Open – Analyzing Every Volley, Serve and Overhead Smash – ReadWriteCloud

statistics The Big Data Explosion and the Demand for the Statistical Tools to Analyze It – ReadWriteCloud

telepresence IEEE Spectrum: Telepresence: A Manifesto

urban

How Can Los Angeles Adapt to Coming Climate Change?: Scientific American

Augmented Reality Coming to DC Bus Stops Today (Photo)

video New Microscope Enables Real-Time 3-D Movies of Developing Embryos [Slide Show]: Scientific American

Book review:

Biology Is Technology, Robert H. Carlson, 2010

This is a study of the economics of biology. It reviews the trajectory of technology, biotech, genetic engineering and industrial projections. Gene-sequencing already has international sites and a critical mass is evolving for a growth in synthetic parts exchange. Opensource is creating a participative market. Current applications include biobricks, iGEM, biofuels, and instant vaccines among many others. The turning point is that the human has become a product which redefines the producers and consumers themselves and increases the complexity of behaviors. Limits on innovation concerning rights and patents are discussed. There are risks of runaway effects which need to be better understood and monitored where possible. The opening questions about what biology is, and what biological engineering will be, are ongoing. Readers interested in bioinformatics would need additional sources.

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Blind’s Eye View

Posted by cadsmith on June 25, 2010

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Society values both creativity and heritage. This may also be true in the digital dimensions. A convergent look at mathematics, computers and biology reveals clues to what may emerge. The capacity of the imagination remains unbounded so far.

Recent links (about eleven): debug: Jinx for multicore, search: LingLink, animation: Xtranormalanalytics: boomerang, space: weather prediction, Icecube telescope, medical: lung-on-a-chip.

Book reviews:

Explanation and Proof in Mathematics: Philosophical and Educational Perspectives, edited by Hanna and others, 2010

How many mathematicians does it take to prove whether a lightbulb is screwed in? These essays are from a workshop in Essen in 2006. The ways that the practice of mathematics has developed in the last three decades due to computerized visualization and experimentation may hint at its future. This book has three parts for seventeen chapters by eighteen contributors on proofs including their nature, aspects of teaching, cognitive development, experiments and diagrams. Proofs of the correctness by writing texts of algorithms were what ancient mathematicians used. Solutions are often based on common intuitions which can be further explored. Proofs are often discovered by mathematical experimentation, rather than deduction, which involves intuitive, inductive, or analogical reasoning through conjecture, verification, global or heuristic refutation, and understanding. Tools may be a proof of a mathematical form, or a way to explore a domain, via the notion of the semiotic potential of an artifact. Three different worlds of mathematics can be distinguished, the conceptual-embodied such as gears, perceptual-symbolic such as conics, and axiomatic-formal such as deductions. Individuals have warrants for truth that compensate for uncertainties in their mathematical proofs and that become more sophisticated over time. Situations that reinforce theoretical proofs over pragmatic are required for this type of research to result. Methods of proof can be used in other mathematical contexts. Though the history of mathematics encourages perseverance, each step of a proof stands without historical context since changes in language use may become a source of fallibility. The philosophy of mathematics shows the evolution of proofs and how they support empirical science and other symbolic endeavors. Much mathematical theorizing also occurs prior to the formulation of the axioms used as contextual definitions. The types of thesis as to why the Greeks invented proof include the socio-political, the internalist and the philosophical influence. Descartes’ arithmetization of geometry and the calculation of magnitudes was refined by Arnauld and Lamy. Can compare Frege and Russell, Peirce and Dewey, or Wittgenstein on how proof as picture shows what was proved and should get the same result, while proof as experiment shows procedure which can remain static and get different results. Lakoff and Núñez considered mathematics to be a cognitive system of conceptual metaphors based upon the sensory motor system.

Creative Environments: Issues of Creativity Support for the Knowledge Civilization, edited by Wierzbicki and Nakamori, 2007

Ba, Japanese for place or environment, is also the notion of computerized creativity support. Heidegger described technology as a quest for truth through creativity. Social science needs to better understand knowledge creation in science and tech. A constructive evolutionary objectivism episteme has ten postulates based on several principles. The evolutionary falsification principle measures fitness by number of tests passed. The emergence principle states that qualitatively different properties emerge from complexity, e.g. as software is different from hardware. The multimedia principle holds that historical records of knowledge will stimulate creativity by including complex visual and preverbal elements in addition to words. New concepts in science will be based on horizontal changes in mathematics. Technology and basic science form a feedback loop. The intellectual environment is a heritage of humanity worth preserving. Creative holism has a systemic approach to organization. Academic knowledge creation involves social, technical and mathematical approaches. Interdisciplinary approaches to mathematical modeling attempt to provide qualitative improvements. The book develops a testable creative environment (CE) to support scientific research. Roadmapping is a kind of knowledge creation process which can use various types of IT principles and tools for academic research. Software and tools for brainstorming and group debate are biased towards commercially goal-oriented organizations and need significant changes for academic use. Knowledge discovery requires interactions between AI and human reviewers, e.g. inclusion of user preferences in data mining. Seven creative spirals are proposed as tools for prescriptive synthesis in the process of learning. Survey results are presented for questions related to knowledge creation support. The book has twenty-one authors. There are four parts for eighteen chapters on models of creative processes, tools, diverse tools, and philosophical issues. It has many figures and tables including the spiral representations of processes, the triple helix model and JAIST Nanatsudaki model. The major text points are emphasized in box outlines. The content also has the hierarchical summaries of introduction and conclusion for each chapter and as a whole. Other topics include machine learning, statistics, virtual labs, gaming, criteria, and distance and e-learning, This is a followup to the editors’ previous publication on Creative Space, 2005. This book may also be of interest to inventors and innovators outside of entirely academic domains since learning advantages are key to most other pursuits. .

Radical Evolution, Joel Garreau, 2005

The scenario planner’s philosophy involves stories, patterns in uncertainties, common solutions, and simulation. This age was formed between 800 and 200BC by ideas which arose simultaneously in the East and West. The rate of change is quickening. According to the author’s Law of unintended consequences, human nature will likely be changed. The book tries to look ahead by defining scenarios which conform to facts and identify the predetermineds, critical uncertainties, wild cards, embedded assumptions and early warnings. These are based on progress in the areas of genetics, robotics, info, and nano (GRIN). Each of them may have its own philosophy, e.g. connecting living and nonliving things, open-source, unlimited creativity or skepticism. There are eight chapters, suggested readings, and notes. Seven major scenarios, some of which have celebrities, include the LUC above, Curve of exponential increase, Singularity/Vinge, Heaven/Kurzweil, Hell/Joy, Prevail/Lanier, and Transcend/Bostrom. This topic was inspired by work at Darpa, e.g. meals which last for days of exertion, or treatments for muscular dystrophy. This title was recommended for its discussion of risks by scifi & philosophy editor Schneider 2009.
The reader may wonder what set of rules are actually developed for each case. Also, there may be situations where science exceeds tech, in which case the artifacts are less evident and, though intelligence may expand wisdom, paradox seems to increase due to censorship.

Write Good or Die, edited by Scott Nicholson, 2010

According to Ray Bradbury, it takes a million words to become proficient at writing. If average is 200-250 words per page in a novel, that becomes 4000 to 5000 pages. The average novel is 100k words or 300-400 pages. Therefore, it would take 10 novels to become good. One of the Kindle authors, in contrast, sold over 29k ebooks at about 2 dollars each in a year and expects Amazon to double royalties soon. This is a tutorial for fiction novelists written by published and award-winning writers. It has three parts on art, craft, and business for thirty-three chapters by eighteen contributors. It might be classified as self-help since it assumes that the reader has finished, or is working on, a novel that needs to be published. The book contains a series of blog-like entries and links on why and how the authors write. In most cases, the rules were personally discovered through trial and error. So, while one debunks the agent career planning myth and says to be an artist, another shows what customers want and includes a pitch letter and instructions for how to get an agent. The Writers Market also has such lists. The anecdotes are absorbing and evoked various emotions, e.g. suspense or laughter. The reader is reminded that fame ups the odds for a bestseller, and recommendations improve sales e.g. through social networking. Other tips include: know what the book is about in a premise sentence or story line; include protagonist, antagonist, setting, conflict, stakes, atmosphere and genre; and write from research once immersed or overwhelmed. It shows the advantages and disadvantages of each POV and how to choose. The anatomy of the three-act story structure is described along with the use of imagery and dialogue. This book is not about the internet, except to say that editors may notice a web page and readers appreciate newsletters. It has a glossary of terms for writing professionals. This title wasn’t included in google books yet. Had originally found it on the Kindle directory, and it can also be downloaded free from its companion website.

Blogs of interest:

Wolfram on Turing

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